Enlargement of the prostate gland is a very common condition in men, that often causes urinary symptoms. It is usually referred to as benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
The prostate gland grows from the age of 30 and at 80 years, nearly 9 men out of 10 have BPE. Approximately one man in three with BPE develop urinary symptoms. Although it is often stated that these symptoms are due to the physical blockage of the urethra from the enlarged prostate gland, this is only partly true. Bothersome symptoms may be related to dysfunction of the bladder muscle secondary to BPE.
Symptoms associated with prostatic enlargement
Diagnosis of prostatic enlargement
Assessment and investigations may include:
The three main management options are:
Frequently asked questions
"Are men with an enlarged prostate gland at greater risk of developing prostate cancer?"
"What can I do to prevent my prostate enlarging?"
"Will my symptoms deteriorate without treatment for my enlarged prostate?"
Enlarged prostate: A guide to diagnosis and treatment