- Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK. Over 250,000 men are currently living with the disease.
- The strongest risk factor is age. Three-quarters of cases are diagnosed in men aged over 65 years.
- Forty years ago only two in ten men diagnosed with prostate cancer survived their disease for at least ten years, now it is nearly seven in ten.
- Read more in-depth information on prostate cancer statistics and causes.
- Many men with early prostate cancer have no symptoms.
- There is no single test to diagnose prostate cancer.
- The main tests carried out to investigate prostate problems include a urine test to exclude an infection, a prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test and a digital rectal examination (DRE).
- Before having a PSA test it is important to discuss with a GP or a specialist the advantages and disadvantages of the investigation.
- Comprehensive information on PSA testing is available from Prostate Cancer UK.
- A prostate biopsy is usually recommended if there is a suspicion of prostate cancer. Not all men who have a PSA test need a biopsy. Prostate cancer risk calculators have been developed to help men and their physician decide whether a biopsy is required.
- Increasingly, men are being offered a prostate scan (multi-parametric MRI) before their biopsy.
- There are multiple different treatments and men are often faced with making a choice.
- Treatment options will depend on the stage and grade of the prostate cancer, age, presence of other medical conditions and patient preference.
- Often there is no rush to make a treatment decision.
- It is important that all treatment options are explained and discussed with a specialist.